The Black immigrant population living in the United States has moved from 816,000 in 1980 to 4.2 million foreign born black people living in the US in 2016.
According to the Pew Research Center analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data, since 2000 the number of black immigrants living in the country has risen 71%.
“Much of the recent growth in the foreign-born black population has been fueled by African migration. Between 2000 and 2016, the black African immigrant population more than doubled, from 574,000 to 1.6 million. Africans now make up 39% of the overall foreign-born black population, up from 24% in 2000,” the study says.
Now, roughly one-in-ten blacks (9%) living in the U.S. are foreign born, according to 2016 American Community Survey data, up from 3% in 1980. (Immigrants make up 10% of the black population in the March 2016 Current Population Survey.)
“Overall, black immigrants (28%) are somewhat less likely than the overall U.S. population (31%) to have a college degree or more, but black immigrants from Africa are more likely than Americans overall to have a college degree or higher.
But educational attainment varies widely by country of origin. For example, 59% of foreign-born blacks from Nigeria have a bachelor’s or advanced degree – a share that is roughly double that of the overall population. By comparison, just 10% of black immigrants from Somalia have earned at least a bachelor’s degree.”
In 2016, 8% of blacks were second-generation Americans – meaning they were born in the U.S. but have at least one foreign-born parent, according to the Center’s analysis of the Census Bureau’s 2016 Current Population Survey.
In total, black immigrants and their children make up roughly one-fifth (18%) of the overall black population in the U.S.
They are a population that is often highly educated, family oriented and hardworking, all virtues that from the cornerstone of the American value system. So why do these Black immigrants face the highest levels of deportation, and unemployment?
There were 619,000 unauthorized black immigrants living in the U.S. in 2015, accounting for 15% of foreign-born blacks, according to Pew Research Center estimates.
By comparison, 24% of the overall immigrant population is unauthorized.
- Countries: CARICOM