Turkey has been one of the most vocal critics of Israel's response to the Gaza protests and the embassy move, recalling its ambassadors from Tel Aviv and Washington and calling for an emergency meeting of Islamic nations on Friday.
President Tayyip Erdogan described Monday's bloodshed, the deadliest for Palestinians since the 2014 Gaza conflict, as genocide and called Israel a terrorist state. The government declared three days of mourning.
"The Israeli ambassador was told that our envoy to Israel was called back for consultations, and was informed that it would be appropriate for him to go back to his country for some time," a Turkish Foreign Ministry source said.
Government spokesman Bekir Bozdag told parliament Tuesday that Turkey held the United States equally accountable for Monday's violence.
"The blood of innocent Palestinians is on the hands of the United States," he said. "The United States is part of the problem, not the solution".
Relations between Ankara and Washington, two NATO allies, have been deeply strained over the embassy move, disagreements over military deployment in north Syria, and court cases against Turkish and U.S. nationals in each country.
There have been demonstrations against Israel in Istanbul and in the capital Ankara. Erdogan, who is campaigning for presidential and parliamentary elections next month, said a rally will be held Friday to protest the killings.
The Palestinian cause resonates with many Turks, including the nationalist and religious voters who form the base of Erdogan's support.
Bozdag told parliament the planned rally in Istanbul "will once again show that the Turkish people will not remain silent in the face of injustice and cruelty, that they defend the victims in the face of the cruel".
Prime Minister Binali Yildirim also said Muslim countries should review their ties with Israel after Monday's violence.
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