It has a wide range of measures at its disposal to be used as leverage over the countries of the region, including blackmail, discrediting evidence accumulated by US special services, usual corrupt practice, like, for instance, offering bribes to top political and military leaders.
The military presence is explained by the need to enhance multinational military interaction and contingency operations. Soto Cano Air Base (commonly known as Palmerola Air Base) is a Honduran military base (5 mi (8.0 km) to the south of Comayagua used by US military. Since 1983 it hosts the Joint Task Force Bravo (JTF-B) JTF-B, which includes ARFOR (Army Forces), AFFOR (Air Force Forces), JSF (Joint Security Forces), and the 1st Battalion-228th Aviation Regiment (consisting of some 18 aircraft, a mix of UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters and CH-47 helicopters.
Latin Americans are often reminded of humanitarian operations conducted by JTF-B to include relief missions responding to Hurricane Stan in Guatemala in October 2005 and supporting Operation Unified Response (Haiti) in 2010, when the country suffered great damage as a result of earthquake. Some things are hushed up. For instance, the United States invaded Panama (Operation Just Cause) in December 1989 under the pretext of safeguarding the lives of U.S. citizens and restoring democracy. The death toll among Panamanian citizens is somehow never mentioned by American propagandists.
The Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (ALBA) is considered as a geopolitical threat by the United States. Some members of the alliance, such as Venezuela, Cuba, Ecuador, Nicaragua and Bolivia, are not controlled by Washington. They implement independent policies and are looked upon as enemies by the United States.
The Obama administration has launched an unparalleled subversive campaign against the governments of these states. The expansion of cooperation between them and China evokes jittery reaction in Washington. More frequently Latin American media offers Cold War style publications, for instance: Russia is Flexing Muscle in South and Central America, Moscow Aggressively Restoring Influence in Latin America, Russian Military More Assertive in its Actions in Caribbean.
Friendly port calls by naval ships and strategic bomber flights are used as a pretext for whipping up tensions in media. For instance, one of media outlets reported that in 2014 a Russian intelligence gathering ship was on patrol in the Mexican Gulf and in the vicinity of US East Coast. It dropped anchor in Havana a number of times. Then the information was added by a flurry of accusations against Russia, including the most far-fetching ones.
Douglas Farah is known as the mouthpiece of the Pentagon and the Central Intelligence Agency, testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on Western Hemisphere on March 17, 2015, «The Maduro administration is the central component to a multi-state ongoing criminal enterprise, carried out in concert with Iran and a growing Russian presence, whose primary strategic objective is to cling to power by whatever means necessary and harm the United States and its allies». (!)
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