BRIDGETOWN, Barbados, September - Prime Minister Mia Amor Mottley has informed a specially convened panel on de-risking that the blacklisting by some financial regulators has resulted in a loss of more than 30 per cent of correspondent banking relationships in the Caribbean.
The Prime Minister insisted that the listing process, whether through the Financial Action Task Force or the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, meant that they have “made a judgement that we are simply too small as I’ve just told you, in order to get involved because the enhanced due diligence means increased costs of regulation and increased cost of compliance. And rather than do business with us, they say thank you, but no, thank you”.
Moments ago, I gave a testimony to the US House Committee on Financial Services, on the impact of de-risking in the Caribbean. Unfair and unjust reports, requirements and potential blacklisting poses serious consequences for all aspects of our society. It can and must change. pic.twitter.com/B89QlW96yM— Mia Amor Mottley (@miaamormottley) September 14, 2022
Ms. Mottley was giving testimony (Wednesday) during the full sitting of the United States’ House of Committees’ hybrid hearing entitled: When Banks Leave: The Impacts of De-Risking on the Caribbean and Strategies for Ensuring Financial Access in Washington.
The session was chaired by Chairman of the United States Financial Services Committee, Congresswoman Maxine Waters, and is a follow-up to a meeting held with CARICOM and some members of the Financial Services Committee convened here in April.
The Prime Minister contended that other organisations have used alternative mechanisms as their benchmark that have created a situation where “the very thing that you set out to achieve, which is the avoidance of terrorism financing and the avoidance of money laundering on which we are all agreed, is likely to happen because you’re driving people underground”.
“There is no benefit in driving our citizens underground, or making our countries uncompetitive such that our economies are at risk of becoming underdeveloped or failed states. And we have now to determine whether this is capable of being a continued acceptable course of action. We have been making noise for nearly a decade. And we want to thank this committee for hearing us today, because that noise cannot continue,” she stressed.
The Barbadian PM also warned that unless the region is able to trade with the rest of the world, it is at risk of becoming “financial pariahs.” “We are here because the listing process that has taken place, whether through the Financial Action Task Force or the OECD, or further as a result of actions taken for enhanced due diligence by those who take the listings from the FATF and the OECD.
“It means those correspondent banks over the course of the last 10 to 12 years, have made a judgement that we are simply too small as I’ve just told you in order to get involved because the enhanced due diligence means increased costs of regulation, increased cost of compliance.
Ms. Mottley explained that the more stringent regulatory policies now restrict the conduct of certain business within Caribbean countries such as trading in gold and the management of casinos. Also impacted by the enhanced measures, are areas such as remittances, international investment and tourism, on which the region heavily depends. Plus, productivity levels and the quality of life of the region’s citizens are being eroded when the enhanced rules increase the time it takes to conduct a basic business transaction, like opening a bank account, which can take up to a week in some Caribbean nations while the same process would be completed in a matter of hours elsewhere.
She expressed concern that the fear of losing correspondent relationships has created a highly risk-averse culture, worsening these impacts and causing a decline in financial inclusion. It will force legitimate transactions underground, giving life to unregulated international payment systems that will create a national security problem, Mottley said.
As a practical step, she suggested that the U.S. Treasury be more risk sensitive by focusing on countries where the illicit activities are taking place as opposed to those countries who are not complying with all the standards.
Additionally, she recommended assessing a country’s compliance with the regulations in real time - as soon as changes are made - to ensure that countries who meet the requirements after the annual assessment is done are not forced to wait until the next yearly review, which could result in losses in the millions of dollars.
The Prime Minister also informed the Congress that the region had been spending millions of dollars to comply with the regulations set down by overseas financial regulators.
Speaking specifically about Barbados, Ms. Mottley pointed to the introduction of a new digital identification card, and a source of funds declaration required by banks and other financial institutions as ways of providing safeguards in the financial system.
The Prime Minister urged the Congress to pass legislation that includes the right for Caribbean countries to respond, and greater use of technology to report any improvements in real time, instead of waiting on a report to be read months later.
Ms. Mottley believed that such a situation would prevent countries from losing out on vital economic activity and investment opportunities.
Meanwhile, Congresswoman Waters described Ms. Mottley’s testimony as not only historic but timely as both sides have a shared interest in resolving the issue. “For too long, the lack of financial access faced by Caribbean nations and their majority black populations, has been blatantly ignored.
“As Chairwoman of the Committee, and even long before I assumed the chair, I’ve worked with stakeholders to combat the de risking we’ve seen harm businesses and families across the Caribbean and the United States for more than 10 years. Financial access is key to a nation stability. But our neighbour island nations whose economies rely on cross-border transactions, they’re being denied this path to prosperity and resiliency,” she stated.