Opponents, mostly Republicans, called the bill a hollow political gesture and mocked Democrats for bringing it up at a time when thousands of Americans are dying from the coronavirus pandemic.
“With all the challenges America has right now, [Republicans] think COVID relief should be on the floor, but instead, the Democrats put cats and cannabis” on the House floor, said House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy. “They’re picking weed over the workers. They’re picking marijuana over [providing] the much-needed money we need to go forward” to address the pandemic.
McCarthy’s comment about cats referred to a separate bill approved by the House to ban private ownership of big cats such as lions and tigers, a measure boosted by the Netflix series Tiger King. That bill, approved by the House on Thursday, would allow most private zoos to keep their tigers and other species, but would prohibit most public contact with the animals.
Democrats said they can work on COVID-19 relief and marijuana reform at the same time and noted that the House passed a major pandemic relief bill in May that has languished in the Senate.
Supporters say the pot bill would help end the decades-long “war on drugs” by removing marijuana, or cannabis, from the list of federally controlled substances while allowing states to set their own rules on pot. The bill also would use money from a new excise tax on marijuana to address the needs of groups and communities harmed by the so-called drug war and provide for the expungement of federal marijuana convictions and arrests.
“Whatever one’s views are on the use of marijuana for recreational or medicinal use, the policy of arrests, prosecution and incarceration at the federal level has proven unwise and unjust,” said Jerry Nadler, chairman of the House Judiciary Committee and a key sponsor of the bill.
Drug reform advocates called the House vote historic, noting it is the first time comprehensive legislation to decriminalise marijuana has passed the full House or Senate.
The bill, which passed 228-164, now goes to the Republican-controlled Senate, where it is unlikely to advance. A related bill that would give pot businesses access to traditional banking services has languished in the Senate after being approved by the House last year.
Earlier this week, the United Nations (UN) Commission for Narcotic Drugs reclassified cannabis as a less dangerous drug, specifically for medical use. The historic decision saw cannabis being removed from Schedule IV, which lists some of the world’s most dangerous drugs, including heroin, opium, and cocaine.
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