Caracas, Sept 9 (Prensa Latina) Venezuela's Bolivarian government on Thursday celebrated the signing of the Agreement for the Ratification and Defense of Venezuela's Sovereignty over the Guayana Esequiba, penned at the dialogue and negotiation table in Mexico.
Regarding this issue, the foreign ministry on Thursday released a statement in which it says that 'Venezuela is celebrating with the people the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding, whose numeral 2 reaffirms Venezuela's willingness to reach a peaceful, final and mutually accepted solution for Guayana Esequiba's sovereingty.'
The document, which endorses the country's efforts to have the validity of the 1966 Geneva Agreement recognized with respect to the claim over that territory in the dispute with Guyana, was consolidated between September 3 and 6 during talks between the government and the opposition.
This valuable and transcendent agreement, the text points out, shows the unanimous, firm and permanent determination of the Venezuelan people in its just and legitimate territorial claim over the geographic spaces that historically corresponded to its General Captaincy, before the political transformation initiated on April 19, 1810, and that remain an inalienable part of the nation.
'It is the will of the people, of the whole nation, not to give up its territorial claim nor its will to reach a mutually acceptable agreement with Guyana on the territorial controversy, and unilateral initiatives that jeopardize this friendly settlement are not acceptable,' according to the statement of the Foreign Ministry.
The Bolivarian government is calling on Guyana again to resume the path of direct negotiations with the Venezuelan State, in order to reach a practical and mutually satisfactory settlement, thus amicably channeling the resolution of the dispute, under International Law and based on the Geneva Agreement.
The Government of Guyana is however maintaining that “Guyana cannot be used as an altar of sacrifice for settlement of Venezuela’s internal political differences. While the Government of Guyana welcomes domestic accord within Venezuela, an agreement defying international law and process is not a basis for mediating harmony.”
“The controversy between Guyana and Venezuela is properly before the International Court of Justice and will remain there for peaceful resolution,” the government of Guyana stated.
In the meantime, the Opposition in Guyana is standing firmly with the Guyana Government in its rejection of the accord reached between the Venezuelan Government and Opposition and their claim to Guyana’s Essequibo region.
In a statement, Opposition spokesperson on Foreign Affairs, Member of Parliament Amanza Walton Desir expressed the Opposition’s concern on the latest development with Venezuela and its territorial claim.
In a statement, the Guyana Opposition reaffirmed its position and support for Guyana’s sovereignty and territorial integrity and reminded that the matter is before the International Court of Justice for a peaceful resolution.
“We reiterate our faith in the rule of international law in pursuit of a peaceful settlement in this regard and our continued support of a national approach to safeguarding Guyana’s sovereignty,” the statement said.
In March, 2018, the Guyana instituted proceedings against Venezuela with respect to the controversy surrounding the validity and binding effect of the 1899 Arbitral Award, which outlined the boundary against then British Guiana and Venezuela.
The ICJ, upon assuming jurisdiction, set March 8, 2022 for the submission of Guyana’s Memorial, and March 8, 2023 for Venezuela’s Counter-Memorial.