Haitian President Michel Martelly in a post on twitter today announced the former dictator's death saying: Jean-Claude Duvalier, a former dictator of Haiti has died.
Born July 3, 1951, Duvalier succeeded his father François "Papa Doc" Duvalier as President of Haiti following the older man's death in 1971. He ruled the country for nearly fifteen years through what was said to be a combination of "brutality, intimidation and guile," until January 1986, when the Reagan administration began to pressure him to renounce his rule and to leave Haiti, owing to a popular uprising that began in 1985.
Representatives appointed by Jamaican Prime Minister Edward Seaga served as intermediaries who carried out the negotiations on behalf of Ronald Reagan. He was pressured to leave by many of his supporters and members of the business sector. The United States rejected a request to provide asylum for Duvalier, but offered to assist with the Duvaliers' departure.
Duvalier had initially accepted on January 30, 1986, and President Reagan actually announced his departure, based on a report from the Haitian CIA Station Chief who saw Duvalier's car head for the airport. En route, there was gunfire and Duvalier's party returned to the palace unnoticed by the U.S. intelligence team.
He left for France on February 7, 1986, flying in a U.S. Air Force aircraft.
Duvalier unexpectedly returned to Haiti on January 16, 2011, after two decades of exile in France. The following day, he was arrested by Haitian police, facing possible charges for embezzlement. On January 18, Duvalier was charged with corruption. On February 28, 2013, Duvalier pleaded not guilty to charges of corruption and human rights abuse.
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