Experts in Buenos Aires agree that bearing in mind the economic and political importance of Brazil in the region, the new president will have significance influence on the future of the two blocs.
If the candidate of the Social Democratic Party, Neves, is elected he would take Mercosur back to its original form of mere free trade zone, the experts noted and added that the presidential candidate favors the individual capacity of the bloc´s member states to set up bilateral trade accords, as he told foreign reporters recently.
If that were the case, Brazil would go for alliances with western countries and thus would get closer to the United States, but farther from other emerging Latin American countries in its natural scenario. However, this would not mean the elimination of Mercosur, though the bloc would be reduced to its minimum expression.
If Neves takes power, Mercosur would lose its political line, which it has developed over the years, particularly during the past decade, the experts noted and added that Latin America´s commercial geography has split into two sections, one is Mercosur and the other is the Pacific Alliance, with quite different models each.
This split is the result of the US penetration and pressure policy after the White House failed to impose its Free Trade Alliance for the Americas, the FTAA, at the Summit of the Americas, back in 2005.
However, following the social programs carried out by the Dilma Rousseff administration, optimism reins that the current head of state will continue to lead the future of the millions of Brazilians, who bet to a better economic and social life, while favoring the necessary regional integration of the nations of this part of the world.
In the meantime former president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva says the re-election of President Dilma Rousseff on Sunday means avoiding the return of Brazil to the past and to continue the process of social improvement. He stressed that Rousseff represents the Brazilian people, as the candidate of the Social Democracy (BSDP), while Aécio Neves, represents the interests of the bankers.
Lula warned of the contempt of the Brazilian elite to the poor of this nation, who are the majority, and do not want the government of the Workers Party (PT) and the current president remain in power and improve every day the citizens quality of life.
The oligarchy rejects social achievements over the last 12 years, the idea that the poor occupy new public spaces, travel by plane or walk now with their heads high, he said.
The former president dispraised the BSDP candidate for his disrespect for the head of State in recent television discussions and wondered what this country will be ruled by an irresponsible.
Lula also noted that the candidate of bankers was upset because he called him "daddy's boy", but called Rousseff "frivolous" last week.
To give good treatment and be respectuf with a woman and a head of State is a matter of education and good behavior in society, added Lula.
Lula da Silva also blame the British magazine The Economist for publishing an article in which it bets at Neves victory at the polls in order to ensure growth of the Brazilian economy.
"Recently a magazine called The Economist had apathy, the nerve to publish a story calling to vote for Aecio (Neves). Is this magazine stupid? If bankers want to vote for Aecio, go to vote for him, but Dilma (Rousseff) is the people's candidate," he concluded.
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